Oct 04, 2022

Multi-Cloud Networking: Choosing the right approach

The cloud is evolving rapidly and is a tempting solution for organizations to adopt. The flexibility, accessibility, and capabilities of the cloud are prompting more enterprises every day to move their applications and data to the cloud. However, the cloud isn’t as simple as storing information in a server anymore. Different players in the industry offer different propositions and values, and enterprises are leveraging these to identify ideal solutions for different workloads and use cases – paving the way for multi-cloud. 

The multi-cloud approach is enabling companies to achieve more efficiency, growth, and cost benefits, and the value of this approach is very tangible. However, the use of multiple cloud providers for different workloads of an organization has resulted in added complexities within the system. Therefore, enterprises of the multi-cloud age require solutions that can help different applications and data stored on separate clouds interact with each other.

To address this, enterprises now need to adopt the right multi-cloud networking solutions to operate a network that spans multiple cloud environments in order to deploy, enable, and manage policies, security protocols, governance, and visibility through a single point. In this article, we will discuss the best approaches for enterprises to operate a network of multiple clouds efficiently.

The complexity of the Cloud Networking

Cloud networking is a complex process involving several processes that need to complement one another to make the entire system function properly. As companies diversify their cloud environments, this complexity grows and requires different systems, often very distinct, to work together seamlessly.

The complexity of the multi-cloud can be boiled down to three major categories:

  1. Core networking - Encompassing the core functionalities and the fundamentals of the existing network as well as the primary IT infrastructure of the enterprise
  2. Public Cloud Integrations - Encompassing the preservation of applications and data moved to the public cloud while maintaining a stable network
  3. Management and operation - Encompassing the integrity, operation, and management of the network, including visibility and monitoring of the work

Core networking

The multi-cloud networking approach needs to accommodate the core functionality of the system. A networking solution deployed must be able to integrate seamlessly with the fundamental services that are integral to the IT needs of the enterprise. Here are some of the elements of core networking that the multi-cloud networking approach must assimilate.

  • IPv4/IPv6 routing (BGP, Static, OSPF)
  • VLANs/Subnets and first-hop redundancy protocols
  • ACLs
  • Segmentation via VRF/VPC
  • Micro-segmentation
  • Service insertion and traffic steering for L4-7 services
  • NAT and/or PAT
  • VPN/Encryption (AES-256)

Public Cloud Integrations

Since many organizations are moving their applications to the public cloud, it exposes them to threats and vulnerabilities, along with the incompatibilities between existing and new systems. Therefore, a networking approach must account for public cloud integrations and ensure data security and system preservation. Here are some of the elements of public cloud integration that the multi-cloud networking approach must address.

  • VPN gateway and encryption for egress traffic (AES-256)
  • Transit hubs
  • Firewall
  • L4 network load balancers
  • Security groups and ACLs
  • L7 load balancers/application gateways
  • Global load balancing
  • Traffic mirroring, including packet brokering
  • DNS services
  • CDN
  • Traffic flow logs

Management and Operations

Finally, the purpose of the multi-cloud network is to ensure that multiple cloud environments used by an enterprise can be managed from a single point of view. This is to ensure visibility and standardization across different environments, providing effective control over the entire ecosystem. Here are some of the capabilities that a multi-cloud networking approach must-have for effective management and operations of the network.

  • Single point of configuration, management, and visibility across multiple cloud environments
  • Open published API
  • UI (which can be CLI)
  • Integrations with Terraform, Ansible, and other common cloud automation tools
  • Centralized reporting and logging
  • Centralized governance and compliance
  • Advanced troubleshooting/analytics, including flow logging and path tracing
  • Role-based access control
  • Traffic usage metering
  • Topological views/maps

The current regime

As complexities increase in the cloud industry, enterprises are acknowledging the requirement of solutions that can simplify the management of the network, while improving visibility. As more industries adopt the cloud, cloud networking solutions become more desirable. Here we discuss the existing challenges that customers face with cloud networking and trends in the cloud market for solutions such as these.

Prevailing issues with cloud networking

Cloud networking has piqued the interest of enterprises throughout the world, with client interest rising over five times within the previous year. Industry demand for efficient solutions for managing multiple cloud environments is rapidly rising. Such interest in networking solutions can be attributed to three major issues with the multi-cloud infrastructure. 

Public cloud limitations

Enterprises find public clouds often falling short in native networking. Public clouds often lack capabilities when it comes to feature depth, visibility, and scalability hindering workloads. Since enterprises require native networking for product enterprise workloads, they often need to add network features, alter levels of management, automate processes, and even levels and control of visibility – which are not available with public clouds.

Shortcomings of vRouters

Virtual routers offered by providers are often found inadequate. Enterprises often find their cloud and DevOps teams dissatisfied with their quality as they generally do not extend beyond a VPN use case. The vRouters are found lacking cloud awareness, residing in the public cloud without being able to adapt and interact with other services. Further, the limited programmability, performance limitations, and licensing costs add to the hurdles.

Inconsistencies in approaches

As organizations employ solutions from different public cloud providers, they often face compatibility issues in terms of operational approaches. Since different public cloud providers offer their solutions with different networking features and approaches, managing multiple environments becomes challenging.

Multi-cloud networking trends in the cloud market

A report by Futuriom found that the rapid adoption of multiple cloud environments has led organizations to seek multi-cloud networking (MCN) solutions. The report identified that more available multi-cloud and hybrid cloud in the market has led over 65% of the 150 surveyed organizations to look for MCN solutions. Further, one of the most popular use cases for MCN was to enhance data security and visibility across the network.

The use of MCN solutions to create software-defined virtual networks is another major value proposition for organizations to seek such solutions. A software-defined virtual network will allow enterprises to integrate their private and public cloud, as well as enterprise networks, and manage them from a single point.

MCN is helping enterprises reduce complexities in their vast and elaborate systems, while simultaneously, enhancing security and visibility. Consequently, the offerings are becoming more attractive to organizations throughout the world since results are visible and replicable.

Why Cloud Networking is important to you?

Often enterprises argue that their systems are working perfectly and they wish to refrain from cloud networking solutions. However, the assumption that systems working smoothly will continue to do so is a fallacy. Further, even with systems working perfectly, there remains scope for improvement which helps the organizations stay up to date and competitive.

With the proliferating use of multi-cloud across multiple industries, organizations need to acknowledge the edge that cloud networking brings and integrate these solutions to sustain. Here are some reasons why you need Cloud Networking.

Cloud Data Center

Cloud networking allows you to move from traditional legacy networks to software-defined networks. Software-defined networks or SDNs allow you to create cloud data centers for your organization, enabling the creation of hybrid and private clouds.

Since legacy networks operate in the vertical paradigm, they often limit the visibility of the system. To circumvent this, SDNs offer a horizontal paradigm that provides a holistic view of the entire network from a single point.

Public Cloud enhancements

Public cloud providers often fail to fulfill the complete requirements of an organization. Since the solutions are independent and often unfamiliar with native networking offerings, feature depth, scalability and visibility become a problem.

A cloud networking solution, however, enhances the public cloud’s capabilities and allows it to work seamlessly with native networks, ensuring effective management and operations. The lack of features and capabilities of the public cloud is compensated by the cloud networking solution.


As companies acquire solutions from multiple providers, the level of complexity rises. Therefore, a solution such as cloud networking allows enterprises to manage multiple services from the same instance.

A multi-cloud networking solution helps organizations bridge communication gaps between multiple cloud environments deployed by an organization and ensures seamless integration, information sharing, as well as centralized control.

Edge Networking

Organizations are increasingly storing data at the Edge, where it is generated. Therefore, integration of such infrastructure with the entire network becomes necessary.

A cloud networking solution helps organizations connect their Edge paradigms, cloud-delivered branches, and the existing network. The MCN can also integrate SD-WAN (software-defined wide area network) into the cloud to improve scalability.

Further, the cloud networking solution also enables organizations to use Cloud On-Ramp features to connect the data center directly to the cloud provider for smoother integrations and better control.

Container networking

A cloud networking solution also helps organizations handle container networking for systems such as Kubernetes and also manage plugins such as a CNI (container networking interface), ingress controller, and service mesh. The cloud networking solution helps organizations scale and secure their container network while improving visibility.

Hybrid Cloud networking

As organizations move to hybrid solutions, solutions like MCN can help simplify on-premises to public cloud networking. The interaction between the two environments is complex and often struggles with consistency issues.

Hybrid cloud networking with the help of MCN solutions helps organizations migrate workload between on-premises and public cloud environments seamlessly. The MCN further eliminates networking dependency and makes the process much more efficient and easier.

SaaS connectivity

The majority of the applications are now consumed as SaaS (Software as service) from the cloud. Multi-cloud networking solutions will help you access the SaaS in an efficient way, ensuring seamless access via the shortest path, visibility, and control.

The best approaches for Multi-cloud Networking

Multi-cloud networking can be deployed in a variety of scenarios. Its capabilities extend beyond just monitoring multiple cloud environments from a single point. However, depending on the scenario there are ideal approaches for MCN that ensure maximum efficiency.

Here are the four best approaches for Multi-cloud Networking:

Hybrid cloud scenario

In a hybrid cloud scenario, since on-premises networks need integration with the public cloud, the multi-cloud networking approach should include extending the data center or private cloud SDN of the enterprise. SDN solutions such as Cisco ACI and NSX must be extended to the public cloud to build a hybrid cloud network. This is a preferred scenario where the majority of the workloads still prefer to be on-premises and continue to have a hybrid model.

Native cloud networking

For the native cloud, the cloud networking approach must rely on networking solutions from providers such as AWS, Microsoft Azure, etc. This is preferable when you have a less scalable or small amount of workloads in Public Cloud. The native cloud networking approaches become complex as you scale and add more cloud instances.

The software-defined cloud networking approach

The software-defined cloud networking approach is a preferable approach when you have multiple public cloud as well as SaaS services. This approach implements an overlay to abstract the complexities of native cloud networking and on-premises networking. This ensures a seamless connectivity across different clouds even with overlapping IP scenarios. When dealing with cloud-native or software-defined cloud-native vendors, the cloud networking approach must rely on purely cloud-native SD cloud networking vendors such as partners like Aviatrix.

Cloud exchange approach

Another approach for enterprises involves potential partnerships with Cloud Exchange partners such as Equinix and AT&T or service provider solutions on Cloud Exchange. The cloud exchange allows enterprises to connect with service providers over the internet without sending traffic. This approach is preferable when your Cloud Exchange partner is also a connectivity or hosting partner, providing you a seamless connectivity to Public Cloud and SaaS.

Why choose Microland?


To deliver the best solutions to our customers, Microland has partnered with Aviatrix, a leading provider of cloud networking solutions. Aviatrix’s cloud network platform is a popular solution known for its capabilities of enhancing security and visibility across the network.

This partnership adds value to Microland’s offerings, enabling customers to improve their cloud networking approach. Microland also offers Public Cloud solutions in partnership with Microsoft, AWS and Google.

Microland’s Intelligeni CloudOps

The complexity, dynamism, and the ever-evolving cloud environment, especially the networking and security layer needs modern operating models manage effectively and efficiently. Microland’s Cloud Operations helps customers optimize and manage their cloud environments through a combination of tools, processes, and methods like AIOps, GitOps, Infrastructure as Code and, Site Reliability Engineering.

At the core of our Cloud Operations is Intelligeni CloudOps – A cloud operations platform that provides a single view and management model for the components such as compute, network, storage, containerized and serverless workloads in your public and hybrid clouds. It provides full-stack observability, 360-degree governance, consumption optimization, and automated configurations, drift detection and management all using an Everything as Code approach.

Microland’s Smart Branch SD-WAN

Microland is a leading provider of SD-WAN with several years of experience and expertise under its belt. As a solution delivered as in-service model, our Smart Branch SD-WAN service is built on that expertise. It is an end-to-end solution for all SD-WAN requirements from conception to delivery, and ongoing support and management.

With a solution like Smart Branch SD-WAN, organizations can accelerate their SD-WAN transformation and upgrade their branch, multi, and hybrid cloud networking experience. With the help of the solution, enterprises can leverage Cloud On-Ramp, remote connectivity, and branch connectivity.

Intelligeni NetOps Platform

Microland’s Intelligeni NetOps Platform is a state-of-the-art solution that helps enterprises accelerate network transformation. Enterprises can enhance their cloud networking approach with the platform through its analytics, automation, and AIOps capabilities.


While embarking on the cloud journey it is important to choose the right approach, partner, and right design. Microland with its extensive experience can help in choosing the right design and approach, and delivering the same.

About the author

Ramesh N.G, Senior Director - Digital Network & Security, Ramesh comes with over 22 years of experience in driving innovation in networking services with key focus on SDN Solutions & IPs development. Ramesh is part of several leading industry forums in the Networking industry such as OpenStack, IEEEE, etc. In Microland, Ramesh’s focus is on driving our solutions & IP development in SDN, Automation in Network, and Cyber space.